It is usually possible to take sports equipment of some description on a plane. This is one of the options you will be given when booking, where the system will ask you to book additional luggage, carry on luggage and items such as golf clubs, to make sure you get the best prices at this stage.
If you choose to fly with your sports equipment, make sure you have pre- booked it with the airline. They can offer you advice about what is specifically available with them, and whether it will be possible for you to bring your own sports equipment with you on board. The smaller the equipment, the better, and you might have to keep it on you. Larger items such as golf clubs can definitely be taken on aeroplanes but it is sometimes more difficult or expensive. If you prefer, you can hire golf clubs when you arrive at your golf village.